Faculty Members

SWADHIN Behera/Adjunct Professor/Division of Environmental Studies

Department of Ocean Technology, Policy, and Environment//Studies of ocean processes, climate dynamics, and ocean-atmosphere interactions using observed data and model results. Numerical modeling and prediction of ocean state and climate variations.

Career Summary

1986: Graduated from Marine Science Department, The Berhampur University, India
1988-1990: Senior Scientific Assistant, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
1989: Advanced Degree in Meteorology, India Meteorological Department, Pune, India
1991-1997: Senior Scientific Officer, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
1998: Doctorate in Oceanography, The Berhampur University, India
1998-2003: Researcher, Frontier Research Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology(JAMSTEC), Japan
2003-2008: Sub-leader, Frontier Research Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology(JAMSTEC), Japan
2009-: Principal Investigator, Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology(JAMSTEC), Japan

Educational Activities

Guest Professor to teach ocean and climate dynamics at Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies,
Sophia University

Research Activities

1.Ocean modeling and understanding the physical and dynamical ocean processes and their link to climate variations.
2.Climate modeling and predictability studies.
3.Coupled ocean-atmosphere variability in tropical oceans? in particular the Indian Ocean Dipole.
4.Air-sea interactions in the subtropical oceans in relation to the subtropical Indian Ocean Dipole. Tropical and extratropical interactions.
5.Impact of tropical climate modes on regional climate variabilities and atmospheric teleconnection.
6.Impact of climate variability on society and climate application studies.
7.Teaching of oceanography and climate dynamics and capacity building training programs.


Behera, S. K., R. Krishnan and T. Yamagata, 1999: Unusual ocean-atmosphere conditions in the tropical Indian Ocean during 1994, Geophy. Res. Letter, 26, 3001-3004.
Behera, S. K., and T. Yamagata, 2001; Subtropical SST dipole events in the southern Indian Ocean, Geophy. Res. Letter, 28, 327-330.
Behera, S. K., and T. Yamagata, 2003, Influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscillation. J. of the Met. Soc. of Japan, 81, 169-177.
Behera, S. K., J.J. Luo, S. Masson, S. A. Rao, H. Sakuma and T. Yamagata, 2006: A CGCM study on the interaction between IOD and ENSO, J. Climate, 19, 1608-1705.
Kayanne, H. H. Iijima, N. Nakamura, T. R. McClanahan, S. Behera, and T. Yamagata, 2006: The Indian Ocean Dipole Index recorded in Kenyan coral annual density bands, Geophys. Res. Lett, 33, L19709, doi:10.1029/2006GL027168.
Chang, P., T. Yamagata, P. Schopf, S. K. Behera, J. Carton, W. S. Kessler, G. Meyers, T. Qu, F. Schott, S. Shetye and S.-P. Xie, 2006: Climate Fluctuations of Tropical Coupled System ? The Role of Ocean Dynamics, J. Climate, 19, 5122?5174.
Luo, J.-J., S. Masson, S. Behera, and T. Yamagata, 2007: Experimental Forecasts of the Indian Ocean Dipole Using a Coupled OAGCM, J. Climate. 20, 2178?2190.
Ashok, K., S. K. Behera, S. A. Rao, H. Weng, T. Yamagata, 2007: El Nino Modoki and its teleconnection, J. Geop. Res. 112, C11007, doi:10.1029/2006JC003798.
Weng, , H., Ashok, K., S. K. Behera, S. A. Rao, T. Yamagata, 2007: Impacts of Recent El Nino Modoki on Droughts/Floods in the Pacific Rim during Boreal Summer, Climate Dyn., 29, 113-129 .
Chan, S., S. Behera, and T. Yamagata, 2007: Indian Ocean Dipole influence on South American rainfall, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 35, L14S12, doi:10.1029/2008GL034204. (Abstract)
Tangang, F, L. Juneng, E. Salimun, P.N. Vinayachandran, Y.K. Seng, C.J.C. Reason, S.K. Behera and T. Yasunari, 2008: On the roles of the northeast cold surge, the Borneo vortex, the Madden-Julian Oscillation, and the Indian Ocean Dipole during the worst 2006/2007 flood in southern Peninsular Malaysia, Geophy. Res. Letter, 35, L14S07, doi:10.1029/2008GL033429. (Abstract)
Behera, S.K., J-J Luo, and T. Yamagata, 2008: The Unusual IOD Event of 2007, Geophy. Res. Letter, 35, L14S11, doi:10.1029/2008GL034122 (Abstract)

Other Activities

Member, American Meteorological Society
Member, American Geophysical Union
Member, Japanese Oceanographic Society
Life Member, Indian Meteorological Society
Steering committee meetings of APEC Climate Center.
Reviewed more than 200 manuscripts for reputed international journals

Future Plan

The role of climate variation on coastal and off-shore processes is not fully understood. This link will be explored for sustainable management of our marine resources. The climate variation impact on the society also will be studied and adaptation-mitigation processes will be analyzed considering the stress of global warming.

Messages to Students

There is need for young graduates to understand the vast potential of studies related to ocean and climate. The future of our society is dependent on the successful and sustainable use of our marine resources. The future generation also has to face the impacts of climate variations more than the present generation. So, I hope young student will devote time and energy to train themselves adequately and develop intense curiosity for research in ocean and climate processes and to develop technical skills in numerical modeling of ocean and climate. I hope students can have fun while learning the new topics in a stress-free educational environment.