Integrated Biosciences

Title
Date
Diet choice: The two-factor host acceptance system of silkworm larvae 2020:09:17:21:15:05
AbstractMany herbivorous insects are mono- or oligophagous, having evolved to select a limited range of host plants. They specifically identify host-plant leaves using their keen sense of taste. Plant secondary metabolites and sugars are thought to be key chemical cues that enabl...
 
September 17, 2020
SADA for high-throughput sorting of large-volume biological compartments 2020:05:30:12:40:32
AbstractDroplet microfluidics has become a powerful tool in precision medicine, green biotechnology, and cell therapy for single-cell analysis and selection by virtue of its ability to effectively confine cells. However, there remains a fundamental trade-off between droplet volum...
 
May 30, 2020
fMRI visualization of learning-related hyper neural activity in Alzheimer’s disease mice 2020:03:04:9:00:41
AbstractAlzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease, causes behavioural abnormalities such as disinhibition, impulsivity, and hyperphagia. Preclinical studies using AD model mice have investigated these phenotypes by measuring brain activity in awake, behaving mice. In ...
 
March 4, 2020
February 27, 2020
Phase separation organizes the site of autophagosome formation 2020:02:06:9:17:08
AbstractMany biomolecules undergo liquid–liquid phase separation to form liquid-like condensates that mediate diverse cellular functions. Autophagy is able to degrade such condensates using autophagosomes—double-membrane structures that are synthesized de novo at the pre-autophag...
 
February 6, 2020
Liquidity is a critical determinant for selective autophagy of protein condensates 2020:01:29:12:58:12
SummaryClearance of biomolecular condensates by selective autophagy is thought to play a crucial role in cellular homeostasis. However, the mechanism underlying selective autophagy of condensates and whether liquidity determines a condensate’s susceptibility to degradation by aut...
 
January 29, 2020
April 11, 2019
December 27, 2018
August 15, 2018
August 2, 2018
August 2, 2018
Dean’s Award for Outstanding Achievement, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences 2018 2018:04:13:10:59:02
The recipients of the Dean's Award for Outstanding Achievement (Master course 12 students, Doctoral course 11 students) GSFS 2018 were announced. The awards were initiated in 2006 for the purpose of recognizing students and groups for outstanding achievement in academic learning, international exchange, and regional contribution. A ceremony was held on Wednesday March 14, and Dean Hiroshi Mitani awarded plaques to the recipients.
 
April 13, 2018
Dean’s Award for Outstanding Achievement, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences 2017 2017:03:30:11:49:58
The recipients of the Dean's Award for Outstanding Achievement (Master course 12 students, Doctoral course 12 students) GSFS 2017 were announced. The awards were initiated in 2006 for the purpose of recognizing students and groups for outstanding achievement in academic learning, international exchange, and regional contribution. A ceremony was held on Wednesday March 15, and Dean Takashi Mino awarded plaques to the recipients.
 
March 30, 2017
March 14, 2017
February 10, 2017
January 11, 2017
Discovery of mechanism of asymmetric cell division in fertilized egg cells in plants 2016:12:09:10:14:28
An international group of plant biologists have succeeded for the first time in visualizing how egg cells in plants divides unequally (asymmetric cell division) after being fertilized. The direction of this asymmetric cell division determines the body axis of flowering plants, i....
 
December 9, 2016
December 7, 2016
Sperm production induced in female silkworms 2016:11:04:14:51:22
Scientists reveal key gene that determines malenessA group of University of Tokyo researchers and their collaborators embedded a male sex gene into the genome of female silkworms and found that they developed male reproductive glands and started producing sperm, as well as displa...
 
November 4, 2016
New approach to evaluate irradiation effect on whole body 2016:07:05:14:48:19
Analysis of 3,600 serial sections of medaka after local irradiationA University of Tokyo joint research group has developed a method of applying a heavy particle beam (a beam of accelerated carbon ions) used in cancer radiotherapy to the whole body of a medaka (killifish) and the...
 
July 5, 2016
June 7, 2016
May 16, 2016
February 12, 2016
February 12, 2016
January 12, 2016
Effects of space on medaka gene expression 2015:10:16:10:38:04
A University of Tokyo joint research group analyzed gene expression of medaka cultured in the International Space Station Kibo module for two months and found alteration in several signaling pathways related to stress responses in most organs. These results suggested that common stress responses occurs in space environment in both fish in an aqueous environment and mammals.
 
October 16, 2015
July 8, 2015
July 8, 2015
Riddle of mimicry of unpalatable butterfly 2015:04:14:9:31:47
Molecular mechanism of Batesian mimicry in Papilio polytesUniversity of Tokyo researchers have revealed the whole genome sequences of two swallowtail butterflies Papilio polytes, the females of which mimic the unpalatable butterfly Pachliopta aristolochiae, and Papilio xuthus, wh...
 
April 14, 2015
Medaka as a tool for studying human diversity and evolution 2015:01:16:16:41:44
Variations in appearance (such as eye color, hair color, facial features, among others) are observed in worldwide human populations. However, there also exists geographical variation in sexual differences, such as body size, often referred to as sexual dimorphism in the literature. In general, sexual differences among human Asian groups are smaller than that of African or European populations. However, the molecular evolutionary mechanisms of these differences are still relatively unknown.
 
January 16, 2015
Mechanisms producing diverse coloration patterns in caterpillars 2014:10:17:11:00:39
Single novel gene apontic-like controls patterns It is known that eye spots on the larvae of butterflies and moths (caterpillars) function as aposematic (warning) signals to predators, and that the complex brown patterns on larvae of the ancestral strain of the silkworm camouflag...
 
October 17, 2014
The controlling mechanisms of mimicry 2008:03:03:16:45:12
Insects often mimic to other models to protect them from predators or to prey other insects. The studies of mimicry have been carried out from the view points of ecology or ethology so far, but the controlling mechanisms of mimicry have not been studied well. Young caterpillars ...
 
March 3, 2008