Room-Temperature Low-Field Colossal Magnetoresistance in Double-Perovskite Manganite

S. Yamada, N. Abe, H. Sagayama, K. Ogawa, T. Yamagami, and T. Arima

We have discovered room-temperature low-field colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) in an A-site ordered NdBaMn2O6 crystal. The resistance changes more than 2 orders of magnitude at a magnetic field lower than 2 T near 300 K. When the temperature and magnetic field sweep from an insulating (metallic) phase to a metallic (insulating) phase, the insulating (metallic) conduction changes to the metallic (insulating) conduction within 1 K and 0.5 T, respectively. The CMR is ascribed to the melting of the charge and orbital ordering. The entropy change which is estimated from the B−T phase diagram is smaller than what is expected for the charge and orbital ordering. The suppression of the entropy change is attributable to the loss of the short-range ferromagnetic fluctuation of Mn spin moments, which is an important key of the high temperature and low magnetic field CMR effect.